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Research Article

JCR. 2021; 8(3): 286-290


The functioning of children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic Funkcjonowanie dzieci i młodzieży podczas pandemii COVID-19

Katarzyna Wojtysiak, Tomasz Wojsz.

Abstract
Purpose: This is a review to assess the psychosocial organization of children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-19 pandemic and required changes in legal acts resulted in lockdown and the introduction of distance learning at all levels of education During that period of time children and youth found themselves in a crisis situation because they met obstacles that changed their daily living activities and caused negative emotions related to for example a different type of learning and communication in a pandemic situation. Methodology: This is a Systematic review paper. The PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Google scholar search were used to analyze the problem. The following keywords were used to search for information sources: psychosocial functioning, children, adolescents, lockdown, remote learning, COVID-19. Articles were selected according to the psychosocial organization of children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Main Findings: During the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a significant reduction in contacts both among adults and among children and adolescents. Both distance learning and numerous legal restrictions resulted in the lack of opportunities for meetings, especially among children and adolescents. As a result of lockdown and distance learning, social ties are loosened and impaired, especially among children and adolescents, which poses a very serious threat to their mental health and their development of social competences in the future, therefore both parents and teachers should monitor children and provide organizational and psychological support to children and adolescents affected by the psychosocial effects of the pandemic. Implications of this study: The above results should be taken into account by educational institutions. The paper indicates the occurrence of negative psychosocial effects of lockdown and distance learning and as a consequence the need to train children, youth and teachers in the field of adaptation to the new epidemiological situation, lockdown and distance learning. Novelty in this study: There is a lack of systematic reviews of the psychosocial organization of children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic. The paper is an attempt to assess the psychosocial organization of children and adolescents during the first 1 year of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Key words: Psychosocial functioning, children, adolescents, lockdown, remote learning, COVID-19. Słowa kluczowe: funkcjonowanie psychospołeczne, dzieci, młodzież, lockdown, zdalne nauczanie, COVID-19.



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