In recent years, mechanical ventilation has emerged as a means of providing critical lifesaving
ventilator support. Mechanical ventilation is one of the most common causes of admission to the intensive care
unit. This can be done in a manually ventilated patient by the fraction of inhaled oxygen (FiO 2 %) or the positive
end-expiring pressure. The basic ventilation modes have seen a shift in the sea and other revolutionary strategies
have been developed to prevent damage to the lung, ease weaning and improve patient comfort. Though readily
accessible, these modes and techniques are not used effectively for patient benefits, typically due to lack of
information about them. This paper discusses some of those new models and mechanical ventilator support
technologies. There is regular implementation of new features of mechanical ventilators, including new
configurations, control techniques and triggering techniques. Yet new ones never turn into any tangible result
change. The literature about automated weaning, automated measurement of functional residual power, neural
triggering, and novel respiratory mechanics displays has been described and reviewed.
Functional Residual Capacity, ICU, Mechanical Ventilation, Neurally Adjusted Ventilator
Assistance, Synchronized Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation.