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Mixed Methodology of Scientific Research in Healthcare

Emina Smajic, Dijana Avdic, Aleksandra Pasic, Alden Prcic, Maja Stancic.


Background: Scientific research is usually classified as quantitative or qualitative. However, methodologists are increasingly emphasizing the integration of qualitative and quantitative data as the center of mixed methods (mix methodologies). Mixed research method implies the use of different research methods, ie. quantitative and qualitative methods in one study. Objective: The aim of this review paper is to present the purpose of using a mixed methodology in health research. Methods: The relevant articles were searched from online data sources including PubMed and Google Scholar. Results: This approach to the use of mixed methods creates opportunities for a deeper study of various problems. The purpose of using mixed research methods is to obtain valid answers to research questions, however the researcher may still have different reasons or purposes for which he wants to strengthen the research study and its conclusions by applying mixed methods. The use of mixed scientific methodology is widely used in the field of health outcomes and should not be limited to a closed list of possible methodological options. Conclusion: Recently, there has been an increase in the number of scientific studies in healthcare that use mixed research methods. The advantage of applying this scientific method is that through the triangulation of data obtained by different (quantitative / qualitative) approaches, we get a deeper and more complete picture of the phenomenon in health care that we observe.

Key words: mixed methods, methodology, health science.

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