Background: Bullying is known as aggressive behavior or acting in a way that brings intentional harm that includes an imbalance of power when repeated over time. The current study aimed to know the prevalence, effects, and types of bullying and victimization in primary schools of both males and females.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2020 to May 2020. The targeted population was the students of primary schools in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. After identifying all primary schools in Riyadh, they were divided into five categories according to regions. A self-administered questionnaire was then distributed among 620 students in classrooms in papers.
Results: The students who participated in this study were 517 with an 83.3% of response rate. More than half of them were females [286 (55.3%)]. It was found that male students as compared to female students showed statistically significant higher bullying and victimization rates. However, the overall level of bullying and victimization was low. The results revealed that the highest mean score was for the point other students tease me
at 0.68 (± 0.71), followed by other students take things from me that I do not want to give them at 0.64 (± 0.69), whereas the lowest scores were for the points I want to stay home from school because students are mean to me, At recess, I play by myself, and I am hit or kicked by other students at 0.23 (± 0.54), 0.25 (± 0.53), and 0.29 (± 0.54), respectively.
Conclusion: The study shows that the levels of bullying and victimization were low among primary school students in Riyadh.
Key words: Prevalence, bullying, victimization, primary school, students, Saudi Arabia.