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Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(10): 1746-1754

Prevalence and risk factors of depression among patients with type 2 diabetes in Taif - a cross-sectional study

Omar Mohammed Alsaeed, Adel Abdullah Alshehri, Faisal Ahmad Alsumairi, Rayan Mohsen Almalki, Naif Fayez Alahmari, Ali Hussain Althobaiti, Ayman Abdelbaky Atalla.


Background: Depression is a mental illness with continuously low mood and a sense of despair and sadness and has multiple risk factors. Studies have reported asssocation of depression with diabetes. The present study is to evaluate the frequency of depression and factors associated with developing it among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) at Taif city, Saudi Arabia.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in Prince Mansour hospital diabetes clinics from November 1, 2020 to February 1, 2021. A questionnaire consisting of three parts: 1-sociodemographic characteristics, 2-medical information 3-Arabic version of the Beck Depression Inventory screening tool was employed for the study.
Results: The number of patients enrolled in this study was 293. Among them, 162 were males, and 131 were females. 54% of them had uncontrolled diabetes, 50.2% did not have complications related to their disease, while 49.8% had complications, 96.2% of participants had type 2 diabetes, and 3.8% were diagnosed with gestational diabetes. 76.5% did not have depression according to the screening tool used, and depression was estimated in around 23.3% of the studied subjects.
Conclusion: This study showed that most patients with diabetes did not suffer from depressive symptoms. The type of management plan and compliance with it was critical protective factors. On the other hand, poor family income, elevated hemoglobin A1c level, and a longer period of having diabetes were important predictors of depression. The larger sample size and multiple health care centers in the upcoming studies can help better conceptualize the nature and association between depression and DM (type 2).

Key words: Keywords: type 2 diabetes, Depression, Taif city

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