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Research Article

. 2021; 12(5): 577-585


Physical Inactivity and Sedentary Lifestyle among Adults in Jeddah City

Salwa R. Elgendy, MPT, PhD, Afnan M. Alkhateeb, MPT, DSc.

Abstract
Objective: The aim of the present study was to explore the variations in weight, obesity and physical inactivity (PA), sedentary lifestyle in relation to age and gender of adults living in Jeddah city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Method: A cross sectional design was applied on two hundred participants. 100 males and 100 females were arbitrarily chosen by a multistage stratified cluster sampling. Evaluation involved weight, height, body mass index (BMI), screen time watching television (TV), computer use, and PA. The validated self- report questionnaire relative to PA patterns, sedentary lifestyle allows calculating the total energy expenditure in metabolic equivalent (MET-min) weekly. Results: : Levels of PA and DH were evident among the adults, with females being generally spent more time in moderate and vigorous physical activity/ week and were more energetic than males. The adults with higher BMI showed lower PA level and higher sedentary times. All adults- male and female could not reach the recommended daily PA levels ( 2520 MET- min/week, moderate to vigorous intensity and spending more than 2h/d guidelines recommended screen time. The large majority of the adults (males & females) reported skipping breakfast. Conclusion: These findings highlight the obesity diverse nature, overweight and PA forms of adults in different Saudi populations in Jeddah.

Key words: Physical activity, inactivity, sedentary lifestyle, male and female adult



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