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Research Article

JCR. 2020; 7(12): 384-393


KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS ABOUT CERVICAL CANCER AND HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS (HPV) VACCINE AMONG NURSING STUDENTS

Supriya S Patil, S.R.Patil, Akruti Ganla, P.M.Durgawale.

Abstract
Background: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women worldwide. Awareness programs guided at different levels tending to changed issues will help to enough execute HPV immunization in our nation. Instructive activities focusing on human organizations authorities have an all out action in enabling neutralizing specialist attestation..
Aim: to assess awareness regarding cervical cancer among the nursing students with special emphasis on human papilloma virus infections. In addition, attitude and acceptance of human papilloma virus vaccine was assessed.
Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study was carried out using a self-designed questionnaire among nursing students of Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences Karad Maharashtra.
Results: The study population consisted of 127 nursing students from 3rdand 4thyear with age ranging from 19-26years. Majority, 100 (78.84%) were females. Only 32 (25.20%) participants knew the age group most affected by cervical cancer, 57 (44.88%) knew that HPV is sexually transmitted and 51 (40.16%) believed it only caused disease in females. 68 (53.54%) were aware that the diseases are preventable. About 51.18% of the participants responded that they obtained information regarding HPV vaccine from their college education. About 84.26% know about the two types of vaccines available. According to our study, 70.08% of the participants were willing to be vaccinated. Majority of the study participants responded that fear of cervical cancer is the factor which will motivate them to be vaccinated.
Conclusion:This study emphasizes the need for health education. Health education can address both knowledge and attitudes regarding HPV. If men and women are made aware that they are at risk for becoming infected with HPV, and the potential effects of virus acquisition, they are more likely to accept the vaccine.

Key words: Cervical cancer,HPV vaccine,HPV infection



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