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Research Article

JCR. 2020; 7(13): 1878-1885


ASSESSING THE PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSIVE DISORDER AND ANXIETY DISORDER, IN MOTHERS OF CHILDREN WITH COMMON CHILDHOOD PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS

Dr. Karuna Sandra Thomas, Dr. Cijo Alex, Dr. Danny Jose Titus, Dr. Chitra Venkateswaran, Dr. Ashwin Varghese Alexander.

Abstract
Attention deficit hyperkinetic disorder (ADHD), Pervasive developmental disorder
(PDD) and Learning Disability (LD) are common childhood psychiatric disorders. Such a diagnosis in the child
brings about a state of disequilibrium in the family causing increased parental stress. In a developing country
like India, mothers assume the care-giving role of the family. This stress often puts them at an increased risk for
psychiatric disorders. However, there has been no study in India assessing the levels of anxiety and depression
in mothers of these children.
Aims & Objectives Assess the prevalence of anxiety disorder and depressive disorder in the mothers of
children with ADHD, PDD and LD .Study the correlation between the intensity of depression/anxiety in the
mother with the severity of symptoms in the child.
Methodology It was a cross-sectional study with 336 subjects who were assessed for anxiety and depression
using ICD 10 research criteria. The mothers also self-rated their symptoms on the Beck depression and anxiety
inventory. The mothers then rated their child’s problem behaviors on the Strengths and difficulties
questionnaire.
Results: Significant proportion of the mothers included in the study had anxiety (36%) and depression
(37%).Significant association was found between the mother’s anxiety/depression and the severity of the child’s
symptoms.
Conclusions: Having a child with ADHD, PDD or LD puts a psychological strain on the mothers and makes
them vulnerable to stress related psychiatric disorders. Hence, regular screening of these mothers for anxiety and
depression and equipping them with positive coping strategies is important.

Key words: ADHD, PDD, LD, Anxiety, Depression, maternal stress



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