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EEO. 2021; 20(3): 3377-3382

Effect Of Climate Change On Himalayan Regions

Raghwendra Kumar Singh, Nitin Mishra, Amit Kumar Sharma, Mr Amit Gupta.


The climate change is one of the biggest challenges in the whole world. According to current situation the temperature of world can be anything between 1.5-5.80C.The warming rates of Himalaya is higher than rest of world. The rate of retreating of Himalayan glacier is six times greater than retreating rate of other glaciers of the world. The water supply the Asian countries like India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China ,Pakistan, Nepal, Afghanistan is done by the rivers which originate from Himalaya and the life circle, economic growth, agriculture and other requirement of life which is related to water of these countries is effected to the rivers which comes from Himalaya so it effected with any changes if happen in glaciers of Himalayas. The population of these countries is increases mainly of china and India at very fast rate ,so in future their requirement in future will increase and the pressure on Himalayas will increase which is affected with continuing change climate change. Change climate has affected the Himalayas from various sides its glacier rate has accelerated, ecosystem and biodiversity has disturb in continuing pattern the flora and fauna is effected the species which were founded in low elevation regions in past decades is shifting towards upper elevation because of increase temperature this will create the problem of resources where they are shifting and competition is start for spacing we have no idea how long they will survive .Climate change also affected the alpine ecosystem this is most important by the point of view of medicine because 62%of medical plants are found from these parts. If this will continue affected then it will create great problem in the field of medicine. The increase temperature is favourable for female and transgender which is danger for their future production. The agricultural activity of above mention Asian countries is dependent on rivers which come from Himalaya due to retreating rate of glaciers of Himalayas there is chances of flood in future and due to change pattern of monsoon drought condition will come in future both drought and flood will create problems of live, diseases, food etc.

Key words: Climate change, Himalayan regions, Glacier, ecosystem, lakes.

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