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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2018; 9(12): 875-878


Utilization of Antenatal Care Services and Its Determinants in Rural Field Practice Area of Jaipur, India

Rekha Shekhawat, Nikita Sharma, Amita Kashyap, Vikram Singh Sodha.


Abstract

Introduction: In developing countries like India, maternal mortality is a big concern. Antenatal care is being the effective approach for safe motherhood but these services are deficient in rural area. So the objective of this study is to evaluate utilization of antenatal care services in rural field area Naila in Jaipur, Rajasthan.
Methodology: A community based cross sectional study was conducted among 111 women, who delivered between January 2016 - December 2017 by using a predesigned & pre-tested questionnaire. Statistical analysis: Percentages, Proportions and chi-square test.
Results: The 97.2% women were registered their pregnancy and among them 72.0% were registered during first trimester. 47.7% women had received four or more antenatal visits, 98.19% were immunized with adequate dose of tetanus toxoid and 30.6% had consumed 100 or more than 100 IFA tablets. Only 17.1% women had utilized full antenatal care during pregnancy. Factors like educational status, type of family and SES had a significant association with full ANC utilization.
Conclusion: The lower socioeconomic status, lower literacy, Nuclear family were related to low utilization of antenatal services. These findings may be useful for improving the maternal health practices and thus improve the health status of the women.

Key words: antenatal care, tetanus toxoid, iron folic acid, pregnancy






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