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SRP. 2020; 11(6): 136-142

A Review the Relationship of Bruxism with Temporomandibular Disorders in Children

Harun Achmad, Sri Wahyuni, Yunita Feby Ramadhany.


Introduction: Bad habits often found in children such as bruxism may have a profound effect on the health of teeth, periodontium, masticatory muscles and TMJ temporomandibular joints. Excessive masticatory muscle activity can result in disruption of local blood flow and micro circulation, and the pain due to ischemia, bruxism increases excessive strength resulting in an abnormal burden on the mastication system causing changes in some elements of the stomatognathic system resulting in an imbalance that causes stomatognathic system dysfunction.
Objective: To review the relationship between bruxism and temporomandibular disorders.
Method: Scientific evidence and clinical cases taken from the literature to support this review and information about the relationship of bruxism with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in children is collected.
Results/Discussion: There were several relationships of bruxism with temporomandibular disorders such as joint sounds, myalgia and temporomandibular pain.
Conclusion: Brusixm in children is usually influenced by psychological factors such as stress or excessive anxiety. Parafunctional habits such as bruxismn will produce excessive strength so that abnormal loads in the mastication system cause changes in some elements of the stomatognathic system, causing an imbalance that causes stomatognathic system dysfunction such as TMJ pain, joints and myalgia.

Key words: Sleep bruxism, awake bruxism, Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD)

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