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Düşünen Adam. 2007; 20(2): 79-87


Inşuence of Childhood Traumas on Hopelessness, Smoking and Alcohol Use; A Study to Evaluate Last Year University Students

Şakir Özen, Saliha Antar, Mustafa Özkan.




Abstract

In this study we aimed to determine the effect of childhood traumas on hopelessness, smoking and alcohol use in university students and to study the relationships between their sex and familial characteristics.We applied Hopelessness Scale (HS), The Boratav Depression Screening Scale (BORDEPTA), Social Comparison Scale (SCS), The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and Personnel Information Form, respectively to 1.026 students (male: 605, female: 421) in last year of various faculties of Dicle University.Mean age of students was 23.2±2.1; 47 % of their mothers and 13 % of their fathers were illiterate. Mean scores of scales were: CTQ=71.5±19.9; HS=5.9±4.6; BORDEPTA=7.3±4.7; SCS=80±16.1. Mean score of BORDEPTA scales were higher in females, but mean scores of other scales were higher in males. The rate of every day smokers was 33 % and the rate of alcohol use several times a week was 4 %. Scores of CTQ, HS and BORDEPTA were higher in smokers than non-smokers (r=0.075, p=0.008; r=0.105, p

Key words: Trauma, hopelessness, cigarette, university students

Article Language: Turkish English






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