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Research Article

EEO. 2020; 19(3): 3449-3457

Development Of An Indigenous Scale On Resilience In Urdu

Laraib Zikriya, Dr. Khalid Mahmood, Syed Imran Haider Zaidi, Sajid Hussain, Muhammad Asim.


The present study was conducted to construct an indigenous scale named Resilience scale. Resilience is ability to go back to a previous level of functioning before the negative impact of the trauma. An extensive exercise was undertaken to identify resilience in Pakistan by using both theoretical and empirical approaches. Initial draft was prepared by literature, expert opinion and personal observation. Then a pilot study was conducted. Suggestions were invited from participants. Exploratory analysis was conducted. Scree plot guided that this scale contain two subscales. Eagan value and rotated component matrices were visualized. The names of subscales were guided through literature research. During factor analysis, items reduced to 22. Subscales named as “positive support subscale” and “adaptive coping subscale.” Positive support subscale has 13 and adaptive coping subscale has 9 items. There is no negative/reverse scoring. The item score ranges from 1 to 5, “1” shows strongly disagree, “2”disagree “3” uncertain “4” agree and “5” strongly agree. Minimum score on this scale will be 22 and maximum score will be 110. Higher score shows the high level of resilience and vice versa. This scale will be a strong tool for research and practical purposes.

Key words: Stress, Urdu

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