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Original Research

RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 282-285

Endoscopic evaluation of patients presenting with dysphagia at tertiary care hospital

Muhammad Fahad Zakir, Shahid Karim, Hamid Ali Kalwar, Rajesh Kumar, Manzoor Hussain, Shahid Majid.


Objective: To determine the common endoscopic findings and their frequencies in patients presenting with dysphagia.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study as conducted at Department of Gastroenterology, Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi from October 2020 to June 2021. It included 315 patients who underwent endoscopy in the department. Patients had age 12 years or more with dysphagia of duration one week or more.
Results: Median age of participants was 53 (IQR=40-65) years. Out of them, 52.1% were male. The most frequent finding was esophageal growth seen in 29.84%, followed by esophageal stricture in 17.46% and gastro-esophageal reflux disease in 7.94%. Frequency of normal examination and achalasia decreased with advancing age while frequency of esophageal growth (p=0.001) and stricture (p

Key words: Dysphagia, endoscopy, stricture, malignancy, achalasia, gastro-esophageal reflux disease, esophageal web.

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