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Review Article

SRP. 2020; 11(5): 57-62

A Review: Knowledge and Attitude of Society toward Tuberculosis Disease in Soppeng District

Sri Ramadhany, Harun Achmad, Marhamah F. Singgih, Yunita Feby Ramadhany, Nur Hildah Inayah, Nurul Mutmainnah.

Background: Pulmonary tuberculosis is a directly infectious disease caused by Tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis). In Indonesia, Pulmonary Tuberculosis has been a significant public health problem with the number of sufferers, around 10% of the total number of people. Based on data from the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2017 that 10 million people fall ill with TB, and Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide.
Objective: This study aims to assess the knowledge and attitudes of the community about pulmonary tuberculosis in the working area.
Method: This study used an observational cross-sectional research design to find out the description of people's knowledge and attitudes about Tuberculosis and conducted in the working area of Salotungo Health Center, Malaka Health Center, and Panincong Health Center, Soppeng District, South Sulawesi. Primary data was obtained through 110 respondents by filling out questionnaires and giving responses by answering questions about knowledge and attitudes about efforts to prevent transmission of pulmonary TB disease.
Result: Among all the respondents, it can be seen based on sociodemographic characteristics. Out of 110 respondents, most of them are female as many as 67 respondents, while men are 43 respondents. An overview of the features of respondents from this study also shows where they got information about pulmonary TB. Respondents consider the environment to be wrong, and the factor of malnutrition is not something that can aggravate the patient's condition. It showedthat the respondent's correct answers, below 50%, respectively.
Conclusion: Useful knowledge is expected to prevent and cope with pulmonary TB disease. The higher the education then it will contribute to shaping good attitudes and behavior

Key words: Tuberculosis; Myobacterium tuberculosis; Knowledge; Attitude; Working area

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