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Research Article

JCR. 2020; 7(7): 397-401


BIOLOGICAL FEATURES OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF SAINT MARY'S THISTLE (SILYBUM MARIANUM (L) GAERTN.) CULTIVATED IN SOIL-CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF KHOREZM REGION, UZBEKISTAN

umorbekabdurakhimov,sayorababadjanova,nurbekkhamraev,muyassardjumaniyazova,Madina Bekchanova,Sadokat Salimova.

Abstract
In the world economy, in particular in Uzbekistan, the demand for herbal medicines remains stable and quite high every day. In this regard, there is a need to expand the raw material base due to cultivated and wild medicinal plants. Among them, St. Mary's Thistle (Silybum marianum (L). Gaertn.), Which is considered a new culture in the Republic of Uzbekistan, in particular the Khorezm region, is very significant. However, the possibilities of its application and cultivation technology, varietal differences, biological, physiological and biochemical features in the Khorezm region have not been studied. This article presents the results of studies of varietal differences in the dynamics of growth of the leaf surface, photosynthetic potential, the accumulation of green and dry biomass in the development phases of varieties of St. Mary's Thistle cultivated on saline soils of the Khorezm region. The study of the biological characteristics of various varieties of St. Mary's Thistle (Silybum marianum (L). Gaertn.) Panacea, Debut and Samaryanka. Thus, based on the research results and the noted biological features and varietal differences of the St. Mary's Thistle, the possibility and expediency of expanding the crops of this crop in the soil and climatic conditions of the Khorezm region are shown.

Key words: Saint Mary's Thistle, variety, physiological and biological properties, photosynthesis.



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