Characteristics of ENMG examination in Morbus Hansen patient in Neurology Polyclinic Sanglah General Hospital
Putu Yudhi Nusartha, I Komang Arimbawa, IGN Purna Putra, I Putu Eka Widyadharma, Ni Made Dwita Pratiwi.
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Background: Morbus Hansen (MH) is one of the leading causes of nontraumatic neuropathy which manifests clinically as lesions on the skin and peripheral nerves. Electroneuromyography (ENMG) tests can help assessing the severity and prognosis of neuropathy in Morbus Hansen patients.
Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study using data taken from the medical records of Morbus Hansen's patients who performed an electromyography examination at the Sanglah General Hospital Polyclinic from February 2019 to March 2020. An ENMG examination was performed to every Morbus Hansen patient to assessed the distal latency, amplitude, and nerve conductivity at the peripheral nerve from all four extremities.
Results: We found the number of Morbus Hansen multibacillary type in both women and men were the same. Disturbances of a sural sensory nerve and peroneus motor nerve conduction were the most common.
Conclusions: Majority of Morbus Hansen patients had abnormal ENMG results. Patients with MH should undergo an ENMG examination at the early onset of the disease to detect asymptomatic neuropathy, to reduce the severity and progression of the disease.
Key words: Morbus Hansen, ENMG, Distal Latency, Nerve conduction