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JCR. 2020; 7(8): 2191-2194

Decentralization and Autonomy to Build Effective Government Management

M. Harun Alrasyid, Rohimat Nurhasan, AA Hubur, Apri Wahyudi, Fauzi.

All institutions have to make global competitiveness as their strategic goal. Decentralization is a worldwide practice. It is part of the strategy of every institution that wishes to survive in global competition. It is a strategy to be competitive. Likewise for a country. Decentralization splits a big part into small parts that are integrated and become an "organic creature" that moves efficiently to overcome global challenges. In practice, decentralization and autonomy are overlap. However, they have different meaning. Decentralization is a management system that is the opposite of centralization. Centralization is centralized management, while decentralization is division and delegation. Decentralization is the transfer of planning, decision making, or administrative authority from the central government to its field organizations, local administrative units, semi-autonomous and parastatal organizations.

Key words: autonomy, organization, decentralization, community, government

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