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Review Article

SRP. 2020; 11(4): 377-383

The Importance of Ultrasound Findings in Children with Acute Abdominal Pain to Prevent Unnecessary Surgery

Herlina Uinarni, Conny Tanjung, Huldani, Aminuddin Prahatama Putra, Mashuri, Bayu Indra Sukmana, Heru Wahyudi, Abdullah Zuhair, Aderiel Gabrian Tarius, Wisnu Wiryawan, Renie Kumala Dewi, Yunita Feby Ramadhany, Harun Achmad.

Background: Abdominal pain is common in children that can manifest as acute or chronic. In some cases, are requires immediate management. The most difficult challenge is to make diagnosis to identify the cause.
Objective: This study is aimed to demonstrate the evidence of the use of abdominal ultrasonography (AUS) to determine the cause of pain in relation to surgical decision.
Methods: Patients with acute abdominal pain were referred for AUS. Prospective cross- sectional method was done in 268 children aged 5 to 15 years old, in which 116 of them are male. Patients who did not require surgery and outpatients were asked to make a response whether the improvement during and after the treatment. Patient who were required surgical, will be confirmed by histopathology.
Results: No abnormalities (53.73%). The abnormal findings were: enterocolitis (13.43%), mesenteric adenitis (12.68%), constipation (6.72%), appendicitis (6.34%), cystitis (5.97%), adrenal tumor (0.07%) and intussusception (0.04%). Findings shows, the use of AUS to deter mine the cause were able to reduce surgical decision from 27.98% to 7.46%. Thus, ultrasonography changed the management plan in 20.52%of patients.
Conclusion: The AUS is useful for evaluation abdominal pain in children. An accurate diagnosis is important to prevent unnecessary surgery.

Key words: Abdominal Ultrasound, Acute Abdominal Pain, Children

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