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IJLSAS. 2021; 3(2): 37-53

Recommended field crop varieties/hybrids released for North-West plain zone /mid and high hills of India to mitigate food insecurity

Manpreet Kour; B.C. Sharma; Vibha Raj Shanti and Lal Singh.


India with 22 percent of global food insecurity required reasonable approaches to meet the demand of growing population under climate change scenario. Interventions of genetic crop improvement are one of the viable options. As adoption of recommended disease resistant high yielding field crop varieties/hybrids according to agroclimatic zones can increase the production as well as productivity of field crops, hence mitigating food insecurity. For rice crop high yielding varieties recommended under NWPZ (North West Plain Zone)were Jammu basmati 129,Pusa basmati 1718, Pusa basmati 1612. For high hills Shalimar rice-1, Shalimar rice-2, whereas, under mid hills K 39 were promising varieties with average yield of above 50 kg/ha .Wheat varieties of NWPZ were HD 3226,WB2, HPB W01,WH105,DPW 62150 and for mid and high hills HS 562, HPW 349 were recommended .Maize varieties DMRH 1305, VL Maize hybrid 57, Vivek maize hybrid were suitable for NWPZ. Whereas, PHM12 was used for mid hills. In pulses Phule G (chickpea), KUJ 479 (Moong), Gomati (Pea) were recommended .Whereas oil seed varieties RSPT1 (Toria), Giriraj(Mustard), DGS1 (Gobhisarson) were promising varieties of NWPZ and hills.

Key words: Food insecurity, varieties, agroclimatic zones, potential yield

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