Pachymetry and Elevation Back Map Changes in Keratoconus Patients After Crosslinking ProcedureMelisa Ahmedbegovic Pjano, Alma Biscevic, Senad Grisevic, Ivan Gabric, Ajla Skopljak Salkica, Nina Ziga.
Introduction: The crosslinking (CXL) procedure using the standard Dresden protocol is established as the gold standard for the treatment of progressive keratoconus. Aim: The aim of this paper is to correlate the pachymetry and elevation back map (EBM) changes in the period from 3 to12 months of keratoconus patients after the CXL procedure. Methods: Forty-four eyes of 34 patients with keratoconus were analyzed after performed standard Dresden protocol CXL procedure. All of them underwent complete preoperative examination with a follow up of 12 months with a focus on pachymetry and EBM changes performed by Oculus Pentacam (Scheimpflug technology) analysis. Results: Pachymetry changed significantly in 12 months post cross-linking, especially in the first 6 months after which it slightly increased. Differences in EBM preoperatively and 12 months postoperatively were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Corneal pachymetry in keratoconus patients decreases after the CXL procedure. Differences in pachymetry preoperatively and 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively were statistically significant, but the value of corneal thickness increased from the third month to 12 months post-op. Differences in EBM preoperatively and 12 months postoperatively were not still statistically significant, which is good, because the increase in elevation, as one of the signs of progression of the keratoconus - did not occur.
Key words: corneal cross-linking, keratoconus, pachymetry, elevation back map.