Various cysts influence the maxillofacial complex, such as odontogenic and non-odontogenic cysts. Odontogenic cysts arise from odontogenic epithelial components or trapped odontogenic epithelial remnants in bone or gingiva. Non-odontogenic cysts arise from ectoderm that is involved in the development of facial tissue. The other researchers stated that odontogenic cysts accounted for between 0,8%-45,9% of cysts in the oral cavity. The present study aimed to get the data about odontogenic and non-odontogenic cyst characteristics in RSUP Hasan Sadikin Bandung that could be used as predisposition factor prevalence of oral cysts in West Java. The present descriptive study used a cross-sectional research design and used oral cysts diagnosed in patients' medical records in RSUP Hasan Sadikin Bandung from January 2016 to December 2019. Computerized results of the research showed that 55,45% of cysts happened in men, and the age of the majority of patients with cysts was 21-30 years old (32,43%). The most common cyst was the radicular cyst (44,59%). The cyst locations of 40 patients were found on the mandible and the rest on the maxilla. Based on the data of the present study known that oral cysts commonly happen in men and mostly happen in adolescents and adults. The most common cyst is the radicular cyst and cysts are more common in the mandible than in the maxilla.
Key words: Odontogenic cyst, non-odontogenic cyst, prevalence