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Research Article

EEO. 2020; 19(2): 1268-1272

Space Availability For Students In Multi-Grade Schools And Its Effects On Their Performance At Primary School Level In District Lakki Marwat

Rukhsana Gul, Dr. Irfan Ullah Khan, Dr. Matiullah, Dr. Safdar Rehman Ghazi, Niamat Ullah Khan, Gulzardad, Noor Muhammad Marwat.


Students are stressed, anxious, depressed, worried, and uneasy in limited-spaced multigrade classrooms due to which they show poor learning performance. The study was descriptive in that a survey design was used in light of the objectives of the study. The total numbers of respondents taken as the population of the study were (N = 997) in which (n=100) respondents (female primary school teachers) were selected as a sample of the study by applying John Curry's sample size rule of thumb. Two schools of (monograde) and two schools of (multigrade) were selected as a sample from rural and urban localities to evaluate the learning performance of students. The key purpose of the study was to know the availability of adequate space for students’ in multigrade classrooms and its effects on students’ learning performance at the Primary School level in district Lakki Marwat. A Self-developed questionnaire was used to collect data from primary school teachers in District Lakki Marwat and a teacher-made test was used to evaluate the students learning performance. The collected data were statistically analyzed through SPSS by using Chi-Square, Frequency, and percentage. The study was delimited to Government Girls Primary Schools in District Lakki Marwat and the performance of students was checked in the subjects of English, Urdu, and Mathematics. Results and conclusions were drawn by revealing that adequate space was available in multigrade classrooms in which urban schools were better than rural ones. Some recommendations were suggested at the end for researchers in the future.

Key words: Space Availability, Students, Multi-Grade, Primary Schools, Effects, Performance, Lakki Marwat, KP.

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