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Research Article

JCR. 2020; 7(11): 1332-1341


COMPARISON OF SUBGINGIVAL TEMPERATURE IN SMOKERS AND NON- SMOKERS WITH CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS- A CLINICAL STUDY

Ann Anthraper, R. Madhumala, Saranyan Ravi, D. Jayachandran, Priya .K, N.Sayee Ganesh.

Abstract
Background: Periodontitis refers to the inflammation of the periodontal apparatus. Many etiological agents starting from plaque and calculus, to trauma from occlusion, genetic factors and others can cause this. The present study was undertaken for assessing and comparing the sub gingival temperature in smokers and non-smokers, with adult periodontitis using Perio temp.
Materials & methods: A total of 100 patients, out of which 50 were smokers and 50 were non-smokers, with a probing pocket depth of 3-5mm were subjected to the study. In addition to the subgingival temperature, other significant clinical parameters were also recorded and statistical comparisons were made.
Results: The mean values of subgingival temperature were lower in subjects, who were smokers, than in nonsmokers. The mean values of sub gingival temperature increased proportionally with probing pocket depth, in both the groups. The mean values of sub gingival temperature increased proportionally eith clinical attachment level in both the groups. The mean values of gingival bleeding index scores were found to be statistically more
in subjects who were non-smokers than in smokers. The mean values of plaque index scores were found to be non-significant in both the group of subjects.
Conclusion: As subgingival temperature reflects the present clinical status of the periodontium, it can be successfully used as a chair side diagnostic technique to measure the presence of disease.

Key words: Periodontitis, Subgingival



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