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Review Article

SRP. 2020; 11(4): 288-292


The Influence of Workload, Body Mass Index (BMI), Duration of Work toward Fatigue of Nurses in Dr. M. Haulussy General Hospital Ambon

Syamsiar S. Russeng, Andi Ummu Salmah, Lalu Muhammad Saleh, Harun Achmad, Andi Rosanita NR.

Abstract
Work fatigue is a condition often experienced by a person after doing work due to high workload. In addition, factors of length of work and nutritional status of workers can also affect the occurrence of work fatigue. The job as a nurse has quite heavy and complex work demands and repetitive activities. Such conditions are vulnerable to work fatigue. This study aims to analyze the effect of workload, body mass index (BMI), length of work on work fatigue in nurses at RSUD Dr. M. Haulussy Ambon. This type of research is observational analytic with cross sectional design. Samples were obtained by proportional stratified random sampling method of 123 respondents. Primary data were obtained by measuring workloads with NASA TLX, IMT with microtoids and scales, fatigue was measured by reaction timers. Data were analyzed by path analysis). The results showed that respondents who experienced work fatigue were 118 (95.6%). The results of statistical analysis showed that workload had no effect on work fatigue (p = 0.834). Likewise, body mass index (BMI) had no effect on work fatigue (p = 0.595). Variable length of work affect work fatigue (p = 0.012). The path analysis results showed the effect of workload on work fatigue is not significant (p = 0.140), the effect of BMI on work fatigue is not significant (p = 0.084) and the effect of work time on work fatigue is significant (p = 0.031). The conclusion from this study that the length of work variables significantly influence work fatigue. It is recommended to hospital management to arrange the length of time the nurse works.

Key words: Work Fatigue, Workload, BMI, Length of Work



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