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Research Article

JCDR. 2021; 12(1): 1637-1644


Evaluation of nutritional status of children aged 1-5 years residing in urban slums of Faridkot

Dr.Saminderpal Kaur, Dr. Shalini Devgan, Dr. Shilpa Arora, Dr. Vishal Gupta, Dr. Gaganpreet Singh, Dr. Urvashi, Dr. Hobinder Arora.


Abstract

Introduction:The etiology of childhood malnutrition is complex involving interactions of
multiple determinants that include biological, cultural and socio-economic influences. Hence
the present study was planned and commenced to assess the nutritional status of children
aged 1-5 years residing in urban slums of Faridkot.
Material and Methods:The present community based cross sectional study was conducted
in urban slums of Faridkot block among children aged 1-5 years and their mothers. House to
house survey was conducted and urban slum wise line list of households was made with
children required age group. After interview, anthropometric measurements of mother (height
and weight) and child (height, weight, mid upper arm circumference (MUAC), head
circumference and chest circumference) was measured using standardized tools.The data was
analyzed using suitable SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 20.
Results:19.2% children were stunted (on the basis of z-score or standard deviation
classification system). 15.66% were underweight (on the basis of z-score or standard
deviation classification system). 43.7% were malnourished (according to their BMI), out of
which 10% were overweight, 15.6% were obese, 13.3% were thin, and 4.8 % were severely
thin. 16.6% children had chest circumference (below desired normal range for age). 12.3% of
the study subjects had head circumference (below desired normal range for age). 88% of the
children had Mid upper arm circumference below normal range i.e.13.5 cm.
Conclusion: Enhancement of education of mothers and caretakers regarding increased
nutritional intake with increasing age, proper child-rearing and feeding practices, and
improving hygiene and sanitation forms the basis of child’s good health. In our study, we
found that majority of the mothers used to breastfed their children till 2 years and delayed
their complimentary feeding beyond 6 months. So, the risk of malnutrition among the
children of urban slums can be addressed by strict adherence to the Infant and young child
feeding (IYCF) guidelines and continuous monitoring of the feeding practices by health
workers.

Key words: Anthropometric; Malnutrition; Undernutrition






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