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Review Article

SRP. 2020; 11(1): 185-191

Prevalence of Dyslipidemia and Associated Factors among Adults in Rural Vietnam

Pham Thi Dung, Nguyen Trong Hung, Do Van Vuong, Pham Ngoc Khai, Pham Thi Kieu Chinh, Phan Huong Duong, Ninh Thi Nhung.

Background: Dyslipidemia is a well-recognized cardiovascular risk factor, especially among obese subjects. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia and its risk factors among adults in the rural area of Thai Binh, Vietnam, and assess their relationship to waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI).
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 1910 adults in Thai Binh Province, Vietnam. Anthropometric (WC and BMI) and biochemical parameters (lipid profile, fasting blood glucose) were measured at Thai Binh General Hospital. Dyslipidemia was diagnosed using National Cholesterol Education Programme (NCEP) guidelines. Moreover, the prevalence of different risk factors was assessed in all participants.
Results: Overall, the prevalence of dyslipidemia was 56.1% in study subjects. Among these participants, 32.1%, 28.7%, 14%, and 24.7% had high serum cholesterol, high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), respectively. One-tenth of the study subjects were overweight (9.6%). Among the age group, BMI, waist circumference, waist/hip ratio, hypertension level 1, history of hypertension, cardiovascular, gout, metabolic syndrome, and menopause in women were high risk factors for dyslipidemia with OR> 1 and p

Key words: cardiovascular disease, cholesterol, epidemiology, lipoprotein, risk factors, Vietnam.

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