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Original Research

RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 211-217

Faculty job satisfaction in a private medical university: a cross-sectional study in Karachi, Pakistan

Fatima Zehra, Nighat Rukhsana.

Objective: To determine the factors affecting faculty job satisfaction at Bahria University Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted among 111 medical, dental and physiotherapy faculty members from March 25, April 5, 2019. A new 25 item questionnaire was developed through literature search. The theoretical framework employed was the Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory. The inclusion criteria comprised of all faculty having a teaching experience of 6 months or more in BUMDC.
Results: The mean score of faculty job satisfaction was 86.20±12.02 out of a total of 125. The item mean of 25 items was 3.50±1.08. Exploratory Factor Analysis revealed four factors which contributed to 49.984 of the variance. Factors 1, 2, 3 and 4 were labeled as ‘faculty discontentment’, ‘work satisfaction’, ‘career progression’ and ‘work conditions’ respectively. The findings revealed faculty satisfaction with satisfying nature of work, institutional commitment, professional growth and research publications and dissatisfaction with salary, lack of acknowledgement in teaching and clinical excellence, difficulty in maintaining work-life balance and high workloads. The average inter item correlation was 0.19 and Cronbach’s alpha was 0.84.
Conclusion: Our study revealed high faculty job satisfaction with the prevalent institutional job dynamics and working conditions.

Key words: Job dissatisfaction, job satisfaction, work satisfaction, medical faculty, Pakistan, questionnaires, turnover, career.

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