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Antimicrobial Resistance Pattern in Swine Colibacillosis under Farm and Field Condition in Nagaland

Sonuwara Begum, Manas Kumar Patra, Lily Ngullie, Ebibeni Ngullie, Rajib Kumar Das.

Abstract
A study was conducted to elucidate the antimicrobial resistance pattern in swine colibacillosis in organized farm and field condition in Nagaland. Faecal samples were collected from 80 pigs with symptoms of diarrhoea, comprising of 50 samples from organized farm under ICAR research Complex, Nagaland Centre, Jharnapani and another 30 samples from four different villages in Dimapur district, Nagaland. Escherichia coli isolates were cultured in selective bacteriological media (MacConkey lactose agar plate)and the antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of each isolates was evaluated against 14 different anti-microbial agents following standard method. Antimicrobial agents like enrofloxacin, ceftriaxone, norfloxacin and cefotaxime were found to be highly sensitive (>80%), and furazolidone, cloxacillin and oxytetracycline were appeared as resistant (100%) to E. coli isolates under farm condition. On the other hand, in field condition enrofloxacin, ceftriaxone and ofloxacin were found to be sensitive in ≥70 per cent isolates and only three antimicrobial agents, cloxacillin, oxytetracycline, and trimethoprim showed resistance to ≥60 per cent isolates.

Key words: Escherichia coli, antimicrobial agents, resistance pattern, pig


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