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Review Article

AJAB. 2017; 5(2): -


ECO FRIENDLY MANAGEMENT OF PULSE BEETLE (CALLOSOBRUCHUS CHINENSIS) BY USING DIFFERENT PLANT MATERIALS

Rukhsana Kausar, Muhammad Amjad Bashir, Shahid Nisar, Muhammad Ishaq Asif Rehmani, Tanveer Ahmad, Sagheer Atta.

Abstract
Legumes are ancient crops that have been in Sub Continent, Middle East and Various parts of the Africa lots of days. Pulses have been cultivated some 7400 years ago, thatís why Turkey is considered as the oldest legumes cultivated part of the earth. Pulses provide high quality protein and considered to be the best food for vegetarian population in India, South Asia, West Asia and Southern European countries. It has about 20% protein, 5% fat and 55% carbohydrate. Pulses are sold either as dry or canned. Common uses in United States are in soups, vegetable combinations, or as a component of fresh salads in restaurant and other food places. Chickpea is valued for its nutritive seeds with high protein content, 25.3-28.9%. These grain legumes are however, susceptible to different species of beetles of the family Bruchidae in storage commonly known as Dhora. At current, insect manage procedures frequently rely on synthetic pesticides and fumigants. Other than substance safety actions may be result as like numerous severe drawbacks .their wide and unsystematic apply causes natural imbalance confrontation of insecticides to insect, insect recovery and epidemic of secondary insect, creates phyto-toxicity. Pesticides residues in diet and nourish. Furthermore nonstop uses of pesticides lead to harmful result on pollination, biological agent like different Predators, parasitoids and too become cause of the ecological contamination. Owing to these drawbacks, internationally scientists are annoying to approve substitute methods of insect manage. The make use of of close by obtainable native place resources in the manage of harmful insects are an primeval techonolgy and second-hand in numerous parts of the earth a range of crop of vegetation have been tried lately by researchers with a elevated amount of achievement as granule Protestants next to pulse beetle to decrease plague in storage space. Observance these views in brain, the in attendance learning was conducted to examine the pesticidal efficiency of a number of native botanicals powders as granule protestant next to C. chinensis legumes grains. Result shows that different plant material which are friendly with ecosystems have significant results against pulse beetle and serve as an alternative methods for the pest control.

Key words: Dhora beetle; pulse beetle; pest management; environment friendly pest control


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